The Operator Framework is a tool for deploying services that are themselves composed of multiple services. I want to learn more about this, so I’m trying to set up a good local environment that I can use to play around with it. I wanted to share it here in case it helps someone else, and to solidify what I’ve learned. I’ll start by describing some of the important tools to know about for anyone who isn’t familiar with them, and then go into the setup.
What Is Kubernetes?
What Is The Operator Framework?
Kubernetes by provides some built in tools for deploying applications. The most basic unit is a Pod, where you tell Kubernetes that you want to run a specific application with a certain amount of memory and CPU time, and Kubernetes will find a place in your cluster to run your application.
However, realistic applications run multiple microservices that each solve a specific part of the problem. You might have one service to store data, one service to handle user requests, one service to handle sending two factor emails, and so on. Among other things, this helps with scalability, and gives you the ability to upgrade each part independently.
This can start getting complicated, when you realize that now you have multiple services that you want to deploy every time you want to create a new application.
The Operator Framework is the tool for managing this in Kubernetes. It allows you to define a “custom resource” that represents your application. The Operator will not only spin up all the necessary services for each instance of your custom resource that you create, but can also handle things like running complicated upgrades and handling recovery when services go down.
Step One: Local Kubernetes Setup
The first thing I need is a local Kubernetes cluster. For this, I’ll use Kind, which stands for “Kubernetes in Docker”. It’s a tool for quickly running a Kubernetes cluster locally for testing.
I would recommend following the kind quick start. That covers how to install kind and run your first cluster. As part of that setup, you’ll also install kubectl, the client that you need to connect to your cluster.
In order to deploy Docker containers on a Kubernetes cluster, you need a Docker Registry that your cluster can pull containers from.
Since I wanted to run everything locally, I followed this guide for running a local registry and set up kind to use it.
Once you have everything set up, and have run your first kind cluster, you should be able to run this command and see everything running inside the cluster.
kubectl get all --all-namespaces
Step Two: Operator SDK Setup
For installation, I just followed the installation guide here to install the operator-sdk, exactly as they say on that page.
Then I went to the Quickstart for Go-based Operators guide. I followed the OLM deployment steps without any changes. The OLM, or “Operator Lifecycle Manager” is a tool to deploy the operators themselves. Who operates the operator?.
The place I had to make some changes was in the registry setup. That guide uses “example.com” as a placeholder for the docker registry, but I want it to use the local docker registry. Here is the change. go from this:
make docker-build docker-push IMG="example.com/memcached-operator:v0.0.1"
make docker-build docker-push IMG="localhost:5001/memcached-operator:v0.0.1"
The local registry for kind setup that is linked to above runs the registry on
5001 on the local machine, so
localhost:5001 is the way to tell this
build step to use our local registry.
In every other step on that page, replace
localhost:5001/memcached-operator, and everything should work. However, for
the step where you run
operator-sdk run bundle, you’ll need to pass
--use-http since our local registry isn’t configured with https.
operator-sdk run bundle localhost:5001/memcached-operator-bundle:v0.0.1 --use-http
When all this is done, I get something like this when I look for running pods:
$ kubectl get pods NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE 8291880c9a17945544ca24d8f4429bb9fb5acf5b5c6d2175dee72a0374j27n5 0/1 Completed 0 154m hello-server-8b9bd8fcb-x9w6v 1/1 Running 1 (44m ago) 4h2m localhost-5001-memcached-operator-bundle-v0-0-1 1/1 Running 1 (44m ago) 154m memcached-operator-controller-manager-8b6b7f9fd-82f29 2/2 Running 2 (44m ago) 153m
I can also see the custom resources that our operator will look for:
$ kubectl get crds memcacheds.cache.example.com NAME CREATED AT memcacheds.cache.example.com 2022-11-22T18:44:37Z $ kubectl get memcacheds NAME AGE memcached-sample 149m
I don’t see it deploying any services in response to this custom resource
existing, but I assume that’s coming in the full operator sdk
This was just setting up the skeleton, but we haven’t actually made our operator
do anything when a new
memcacheds.cache.example.com resource is created.